Equine Nutrition

STEP 1: FEED A FORAGE BASED DIET

Your horse should have access to forage 24/7. You can use a slow feed hay net or feeder to reduce waste and overconsumption by the horse.

*Slow Feeders*
Hay Nets
Freedom Feeder Nets
Hay Chix Nets– round bale and square bale nets
Hay Feeders
Porta Grazer

*Processed Forage*
This is a great option for horses unable to eat long stem/baled hay, or when long stem/baled hay is not available
Chaffhaye– fermented chopped alfalfa (2.5-4% starch/sugar)
Medalist Feed– pelleted alfalfa (30% starch/sugar) and barley sprouts (16% starch/sugar)
Standlee Hay Company– pelleted alfalfa, orchard (higher starch/sugar), timothy, teff (low starch/sugar)

STEP 2: Select a Feed Based on Needed Calories


Fortified Feeds have minerals/vitamins added to meet the basic nutritional needs of your horse. Mineral content for the feeds listed are in ppm (mg/kg). 1kg=2.2 pounds
Low Feeding Rate (1-2 lb/day for a 1000 lb horse)
Zinc level at 700-1000ppm

ADM Grostrong Metabolic Mineral Pellet (15.7% starch/sugar) on Chewy
ADM Grostrong 33 Ration Balancer (12% starch/sugar) on Chewy
Equine Advantage 30% Balancer on Chewy
Nutrena Empower Topline Balance (14% starch/sugar) on RK, TS
Modesto Milling Organic Horse Supplement (20% starch/sugar) on Chewy
Tribute Wholesome Blends Balancer (15% starch/sugar) on Chewy
Triple Crown Balancer Gold feed (16.3% starch/sugar + gastric buffer)
Triple Crown Balancer (9.8% starch/sugar)
Moderate Feeding Rate (4-8lb/day for 1000lb horse)
Zinc level at 200-300ppm + Gastric Buffer

ADM PowerGlo (22% starch/sugar) on Chewy
Buckeye EQ8 Performance Extruded (20% starch/sugar) on Chewy
Nutrena Pro Force Fuel (20% starch/sugar) on RK, TS
Nutrena Pro Force Fuel XF (18% starch/sugar)
Purina Omolene 200 Performance (higher starch/sugar) on TS
Purina Omolene 500 Competition (higher starch/sugar) on TS
Purina Race Ready GT (higher starch/sugar) on TS
Purina Senior Active (16% starch/sugar) on TS
Purina Strategy Healthy Edge (16.5% starch/sugar) on TS
Purina Strategy Professional Formula GX (25% starch/sugar) on TS
Purina Ultium Gastric Care (17% starch/sugar) on TS
Triple Crown Natural Pelleted Feed (20.1% starch/sugar)
Triple Crown Perform Gold (16.1% starch/sugar)
High Feeding Rate (4-20lb/day for 1000lb horse).
Complete feed- Can replace part or all of the forage ration.
Bluebonnet Intensify Senior Therapy (12% starch/sugar) on Chewy
Nutrena Pro Force Senior (18% starch/sugar + gastric support) on RK, TS
Purina Equine Senior (17% starch/sugar + gastric support) on TS
Stabul 1 (10% starch/sugar) on Chewy
Stabul 1 Plus (10% starch/sugar) on Chewy
Tribute Kalm ‘N EZ (13.5% starch/sugar) on Chewy
Tribute Kalm ‘N EZ GC Plus (13.5% starch/sugar + joint support) on Chewy
Tribute Kalm ‘N EZ Non GMO (13.5% starch/sugar) on Chewy
Tribute Wholesome Blends Senior (16.5% starch/sugar) on Chewy
Triple Crown Senior Gold (11.4% starch/sugar + gastric support)
Triple Crown Senior (11.7% starch/sugar) at TS


Unfortified feeds do not have any vitamins or minerals added (or a very low amount) and are intended to be fed with a vit/min supplement or in addition to the minimum feeding rate of a fortified feed.
ADM HealthyGlo (22% starch/sugar) on Chewy
CoolStance (11% starch/sugar) on Chewy, SP
MannaPro RenewGold & RenewGold (21% starch/sugar) on TS, SP
MannaPro RenewGold Senior & RenewGold Senior (21% starch/sugar) on TS
Nutrena Empower Boost (26% starch/sugar) on RK
plain oats (40-45% starch/sugar)

STEP 3: FILL IN NUTRITIONAL GAPS

Test your hay/pasture and identify any nutritional deficiencies in your basic diet (forage). Most forages are deficient in some vitamins and minerals. A “red mineral” salt lick will not provide adequate minerals to fill any nutritional gaps. Use a ration analysis program to identify any deficiencies you need to address after uploading your forage and concentrate information.


Nutrition Design Resources:
Education
Dr. Kellon– nutrition courses
Equi-Analytical– forage testing
Feed XL– ration analysis
Pete Ramey- Feeding the Hoof
Supplements
Gastric Support
Nutrena Empower Digestive Balance on RK
Purina Outlast Gastric Support on TS
Tribute Constant Comfort
Minerals/Vitamins/Specialty
California Trace
HorseTech Supplements
SmartPak
Uckele Supplements

Research on Forage only diets

Research on supplemental minerals