Equine Assisted Activities

CHA-Certified Horsemanship Association
Special Olympics
US Para Equestrian Association
US Driving for the Disabled
World Para Reining Association
American Vaulting Association

American Hippotherapy Association
Certification Board for Equine Interaction Professionals
EAGALA- Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association
Hippotherapy Certification Board
PATH-Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship

Blakeney, B. A. (2014). The Horse as Teacher: Really? Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 28(2), 79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2014.01.005

Borgi, M., Loliva, D., Cerino, S., Chiarotti, F., Venerosi, A., Bramini, M., … Cirulli, F. (2016). Effectiveness of a Standardized Equine-Assisted Therapy Program for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 46(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2530-6

Burgon, H. L. (2011). ‘Queen of the world’: experiences of ‘at-risk’ young people participating in equine-assisted learning/therapy. Journal of Social Work Practice, 25(02), 165–183. https://doi.org/10.1080/02650533.2011.561304

Burgon, H. L. (2014). Horses, mindfulness and the natural environment: Observations from a qualitative study with at-risk young people participating in therapeutic horsemanship. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 17(2), 51–67.

Burton, L. E., Qeadan, F., & Burge, M. R. (2019). Efficacy of equine-assisted psychotherapy in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 17(1), 14–19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joim.2018.11.001

Cerulli, C., Minganti, C., De Santis, C., Tranchita, E., Quaranta, F., & Parisi, A. (2014). Therapeutic Horseback Riding in Breast Cancer Survivors: A Pilot Study. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 20(8), 623–629. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2014.0061

Corring, D., Lundberg, E., & Rudnick, A. (2013). Therapeutic Horseback Riding for ACT Patients with Schizophrenia. Community Mental Health Journal, 49(1), 121–126. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10597-011-9457-y

Frederick, K. E., Ivey Hatz, J., & Lanning, B. (2015). Not Just Horsing Around: The Impact of Equine-Assisted Learning on Levels of Hope and Depression in At-Risk Adolescents. Community Mental Health Journal, 51(7), 809–817. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10597-015-9836-x

Gabriels, R. L., Pan, Z., Dechant, B., Agnew, J. A., Brim, N., & Mesibov, G. (2015). Randomized Controlled Trial of Therapeutic Horseback Riding in Children and Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 54(7), 541–549. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2015.04.007

Gabriels, R. L., Pan, Z., Guérin, N. A., Dechant, B., & Mesibov, G. (2018). Long-Term Effect of Therapeutic Horseback Riding in Youth With Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Randomized Trial. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 5(JUL). https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2018.00156

Goodwin, MS, CTRS, TRS, B. J., Hawkins, PhD, CTRS, LRT, B. L., Townsend, PhD, CTRS, J. A., Van Puymbroeck, PhD, CTRS, FDRT, M., & Lewis, PhD, CTRS, S. (2017). Therapeutic riding and children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: An application of the theory of self-efficacy. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 15(4), 41. https://doi.org/10.5055/ajrt.2016.0118

Hallberg, L. (2018). The Clinical Practice of Equine-Assisted Therapy. New York: Routledge.

Hamilton, M. R., Delaney, E., & Hall, K. (2018). We’re Not Just Horsing Around: Creating Innovative Community Clinical Experiences Utilizing Diverse Opportunities. Nursing Education Perspectives, 39(2), 123–125. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.NEP.0000000000000164

Hoagwood, K. E., Acri, M., Morrissey, M., & Peth-Pierce, R. (2017). Animal-assisted therapies for youth with or at risk for mental health problems: A systematic review. Applied Developmental Science, 21(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1080/10888691.2015.1134267

Homnick, D. N., Henning, K. M., Swain, C. V., & Homnick, T. D. (2013). Effect of Therapeutic Horseback Riding on Balance in Community-Dwelling Older Adults with Balance Deficits. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 19(7), 622–626. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2012.0642

Johansen, S. G., Arfwedson Wang, C. E., & Binder, P. E. (2016). Facilitating change in a client’s dysfunctional behavioural pattern with horse-aided psychotherapy. A case study. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 16(3), 222–231. https://doi.org/10.1002/capr.12078

Johnson, R. A., Albright, D. L., Marzolf, J. R., Bibbo, J. L., Yaglom, H. D., Crowder, S. M., … Harms, N. (2018). Effects of therapeutic horseback riding on post-traumatic stress disorder in military veterans. Military Medical Research, 5(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40779-018-0149-6

Kemeny, B., Hutchins, D., Gramlich, C., Craine, C., & Crandell, L. (2019). Identifying the best protocol: Social engagement or groundwork prior to therapeutic riding? American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 18(1), 19–30. https://doi.org/10.5055/ajrt.2019.0178

Kendall, E., Maujean, A., Pepping, C. A., Downes, M., Lakhani, A., Byrne, J., & Macfarlane, K. (2015). A systematic review of the efficacy of equine-assisted interventions on psychological outcomes. European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling, 17(1), 57–79. https://doi.org/10.1080/13642537.2014.996169

Kern-Godal, A., Arnevik, E. A., Walderhaug, E., & Ravndal, E. (2015). Substance use disorder treatment retention and completion: a prospective study of horse-assisted therapy (HAT) for young adults. Addiction Science & Clinical Practice, 10(1), 21. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-015-0043-4

Kern-Godal, A., Brenna, I. H., Arnevik, E. A., & Ravndal, E. (2016). More than Just a Break from Treatment: How Substance Use Disorder Patients Experience the Stable Environment in Horse-Assisted Therapy. Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment, 10, SART.S40475. https://doi.org/10.4137/SART.S40475

Lanning, B. A., Wilson, A. L., Krenek, N., & Beaujean, A. A. (2017). Using Therapeutic Riding as an Intervention for Combat Veterans: An International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) Approach. Occupational Therapy in Mental Health, 33(3), 259–278. https://doi.org/10.1080/0164212X.2017.1283282

Lee, K., Dabelko-Schoeny, H., Jedlicka, H., & Burns, T. (2019). Older Adults’ Perceived Benefits of Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy: Implications for Social Work. Research on Social Work Practice, 104973151989039. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049731519890399

Lee, P.-T., & Makela, C. (2018). Mental health practitioners’ strategies in equine-assisted psychotherapy: implications for social work. Social Work Education, 37(1), 119–135. https://doi.org/10.1080/02615479.2017.1378318

Lentini, J. A., & Knox, M. S. (2015). Equine-Facilitated Psychotherapy With Children and Adolescents: An Update and Literature Review. Journal of Creativity in Mental Health, 10(3), 278–305. https://doi.org/10.1080/15401383.2015.1023916

Malkin, M. J., Lloyd, L. F., & Gerstenberger, D. (2011). Benefits of therapeutic horseback riding for an adolescent female with traumatic brain injury. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 10(2), 17–28.

Martin, R. A., Graham, F. P., Levack, W. M. M., Taylor, W. J., & Surgenor, L. J. (2019). Exploring how therapeutic horse riding improves health outcomes using a realist framework. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 030802261986549. https://doi.org/10.1177/0308022619865496

McDaniel Peters, B. C., & Wood, W. (2017). Autism and Equine-Assisted Interventions: A Systematic Mapping Review. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 47(10), 3220–3242. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-017-3219-9

McNamara, J. (2017). Equine Facilitated Therapy for Children and Adolescents: A Qualitative Pilot Study. Journal of Creativity in Mental Health, 12(4), 412–427. https://doi.org/10.1080/15401383.2017.1340215

Mueller, M. K., & McCullough, L. (2017). Effects of Equine-Facilitated Psychotherapy on Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms in Youth. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 26(4), 1164–1172. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-016-0648-6

Naste, T. M., Price, M., Karol, J., Martin, L., Murphy, K., Miguel, J., & Spinazzola, J. (2018). Equine Facilitated Therapy for Complex Trauma (EFT-CT). Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 11(3), 289–303. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40653-017-0187-3

Nqwena, Z., & Naidoo, R. (2016). The effect of therapeutic horseback riding on heart rate variability of children with disabilities. African Journal of Disability, 5(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.4102/ajod.v5i1.248

Robinson-Edwards, S., Kewley, S., Riley, L., & Fisher, D. (2019). Examining prisoner experience of an equine assisted psychotherapy. Therapeutic Communities: The International Journal of Therapeutic Communities, 40(3/4), 111–124. https://doi.org/10.1108/TC-01-2019-0001

Schneider, M. S., & Harley, L. P. (2016). The Impact of Therapeutic Riding for People with Disabilities on Variables Related to Mental Health. Anthrozoös, 29(1), 59–72. https://doi.org/10.1080/08927936.2015.1069987

Schroeder, K., Stroud, D., & Erdman, P. (2018). Leading Equine-Assisted Mental Health Groups: An Exploratory Survey of Practitioner Characteristics, Practices, and Professional Development. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 68(2), 204–214. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207284.2017.1417737

Shapley, K. L., Flynn, P. F., & Raven, S. (2018). Therapeutic riding centers : Unexpected benefits. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 17(3), 9–14. https://doi.org/10.5055/ajrt.2018.0163

Shelef, A., Brafman, D., Rosing, T., Weizman, A., Stryjer, R., & Barak, Y. (2019). Equine Assisted Therapy for Patients with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Series Study. Military Medicine, 184(9–10), 394–399. https://doi.org/10.1093/milmed/usz036

Smith-Osborne, A., & Selby, A. (2010). Implications of the Literature on Equine-Assisted Activities for Use as a Complementary Intervention in Social Work Practice with Children and Adolescents. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 27(4), 291–307. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10560-010-0201-1

Staunæs, D., & Raffnsøe, S. (2019). Affective Pedagogies, Equine-assisted Experiments and Posthuman Leadership. Body and Society, 25(1), 57–89. https://doi.org/10.1177/1357034X18817352

Symington, A. (2012). Grief and Horses: Putting the Pieces Together. Journal of Creativity in Mental Health, 7(2), 165–174. https://doi.org/10.1080/15401383.2012.685017

Wang, G., Ma, R., Qiao, G., Wada, K., Aizawa, Y., & Satoh, T. (2015). The Effect of Riding as an Alternative Treatment for Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Integrative Medicine International, 1(4), 211–222. https://doi.org/10.1159/000368408

Wharton, T., Whitworth, J., Macauley, E., & Malone, M. (2019). Pilot testing a manualized equine-facilitated cognitive processing therapy (EF-CPT) intervention for PTSD in veterans. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal. https://doi.org/10.1037/prj0000359

White-Lewis, S., Russell, C., Johnson, R., Cheng, A. L., & McClain, N. (2017). Equine-assisted therapy intervention studies targeting physical symptoms in adults: A systematic review. Applied Nursing Research, 38, 9–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2017.08.002